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Hotel FIM

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Taking out Morena in Liptovská Teplička

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Lúčnica in Poprad








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Levoča's Towns Hall

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Lutheran Church













Volume 11, No. 2, Summer 2003

Slovak Heritage Live

A quarterly newsletter published by Vladimir Linder

Spring issue was published in May and it was mailed to 1200 recipients world wide. 

Part of the walls of Trenčín's castle collapsed on March 7, 2003

As of this issue The Slovak Heritage Live newsletter is being published and edited by Vladimir Linder. I will honor all the subscriptions, formerly paid to the Society and I will also write off all the receivables from the long time non-payers. There is only one subscription amount and that is US$25.00 and we are keeping the Slovak Friend subscription at US$150.00 and Slovak Heritage Circle subscription at US$250.00 with all the benefits explained in the enclosed application form for your perusal. If your subscription has expired, doesn’t matter how long ago, I would really appreciate if you would mail in a personal check of US$25.00 and you will be renewed for additional year from now until summer 2004. I feel this is a great deal if you like to learn about Slovak Heritage, history, culture, customs, folklore, and many different aspects of Slovak life.
I have to tell you that I am still down over $800.00 for publishing the Spring 2003 issue and there will be an additional cost of over $1361.00 for producing this issue. I would like to recover that as soon as possible. You know that I won’t be able to recover this amount without your subscriptions and additional generous financial support. I would like to ask each and every one of you if you can spare additional amount over your subscription you know it will be welcomed.
Our web pages have reached another milestone in April as we got a total of 200879 hits with an average of 6995 hits per day. In April most visits were from: Slovak Republic, Hungary, Canada, Poland, US Educational, Germany, Australia, United States, Romania, United Kingdom, Czech Republic, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, Austria, France, Russian Federation, Lithuania, US Government, Finland, Switzerland, Japan, New Zealand, Denmark and Israel.


Dear Mr. Linder,
I am enclosing my check for $25.00 to renew my membership for 2003. Do you have any information on the Roma people who live in Slovakia? There have been a few very good programs on television in the last couple of years, and one was a particularly disturbing because of the bad treatment by Slovaks. It made me feel ashamed. On your many trips to Slovakia, do you see and improvement in their lives?
Also, I read with great interest your story on Jewish songs. My parents and an uncle often told me stories about the Jewish people who lived in their area and of their friendships. Most of these people died in the Holocaust, and a very vibrant and important part of Slovak life was forever lost.

Yours truly
Mrs. Mary H. (Pavlik) Switzer
22 Howard Ave.,
North Bay, Ont., P1A 1N6, CANADA

Editors note: Yes I have seen the Gypsy settlements and they are terrible. They tend to move into an area usually at the edge of villages and start-building camps that look like movie set and all without permits and sanitary services and the government doesn’t do anything about it. This problem has been in Slovakia and other European countries for many years and it won’t be solved over night. Seldom they work and they live from the government support and child support payments and steal anything they can put their hand on. But perhaps we do have a member that can write a story on Roma population in Slovakia.

Enclosed is a check for my subscription for Slovak Heritage Live till May 2004. Also a small donation for postage.
Please “Continue” with captions under each of your pictures in the newsletter.

Best wishes,
Esther Fojt Cunningham
917 Hampshire Drive
Grand Prarie, TX 75050 USA

Have you ever travel to Nižný Komárnik? That’s where I was born.

Mrs. Mary Y. Marinovich
305 Eyland Ave.
Succaunna, NJ 07876 USA

Editors note: Yes I have been to Nižný Komárnik on several occasions. Three times photographing the church of the defender of Mother of God and about four times on my way or going from ancestral genealogical research trips in Poland...

March 17, just as the war in Iraq was about to start I boarded a Lufthansa plane and flew off to Frankfurt and Vienna. As I was waiting in the departure bay they were calling for volunteers that wouldn’t mind to stay another day in Vancouver and fly the same flight day later. I always thought that the airlines are giving CAD$300.00 if you give up your confirmed seat. Well later on while in the air I learned that the actual amount offered was CAD$800.00. I was in shock and now it was too late to take it. Had I known this, I would have stayed home for another night and my real cost of my ticket would nave been only CAD$161.39. I have learned a valuable lesson for next flight if this should happen again I would go and ask what is the offered amount. Anyway the flight was smooth as usual arriving in Frankfurt and Vienna on time. Here I was met by my long time friend and one of our Slovakia’s correspondents Ing. Miroslava Dulová who took me to Bratislava. Here I picked my car at ADVANTAGE CAR RENTAL and I was mobile. I stayed in Bratislava for few days to get over my jet lag. Then I went to Eastern Slovakia to Liptovská Teplička and Saturday I went to Údol near Stará Ľubovňa to visit family of a friend of mine and also to make a video about the Údol Greek Catholic Church of St. Dimitrij that is in need of funds for some very urgent and necessary repairs. We will be distributing the video to donors. The video is finished, but distribution will be decided by the next issue.

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My friends in Údol

I also had an Ancestral Village Video to do in Orlov, a village near by. Later on in the evening there was a folklore singers and musicians competition in Svit, so I attended that and met many of my friends from several folklore groups in the area. Sunday I went to Levoča visiting Monsignor Dlugoš, decan of Levoča and continued to Prešov visiting my friend Jaroslav Bohumile Onassise Biroš and his wife Helenka and continued to Ruská Nová Ves where I did some ancestral Village Photography. Then I went to Bardejov and near by village Komárov where my frienf PhDr. Martin Mešša lives now. Martin is a former director of Bardejov’s Skanzen and Slovak National Museum in Martin and just moved from Bratislava’s UĽUV, home to eastern Slovakia after accepting position with the Museum in Prešov. From here I continued to Údol to film additional Sunday mass. Of course while in Spiš region, as always I stayed at Liptovská Teplička’s pension DOLINKA. Tuesday I went to Košice to do some Genealogical research and visit my friend Frater Gabriel at the Dominican monastery....

By: Pei Yuan Qi and Marcel York
First of all you will need to go to a deli and get a Macedonian style feta cheese. Take coup of feta cheese and mix it with light cream cheese to create a soft almost runny bryndza. Take a medium size bowl and crack one egg into it and add one and half cup of water. Stir until the egg is completely dissolved in the water. Add a teaspoon of salt, peel two to three medium size potatoes and grind them fine on hand grinder. Mix the egg water with potatoes and add all-purpose flour to make medium runny dough. Take a big pot and will it with water, add two tablespoons of olive oil and two teaspoons of salt. Bring it to boil. Make halušky with the help of halušky maker or by using a small cutting board and knife. You drop the halušky while you making them into the boiling water. When they float to surface, they are done. Keep on steering them and drain the water and wash them in warm water. Cut u bacon in little squares and fry it. Get rid of all fat. Chop parsley and add to bryndza together with bacon. Add halušky to the bowl with bryndza and stir them. Serve with buttermilk.

By: Mons, Doc. ThDr. ICLic. František Dlugoš, PhD

Levoča is located in the northern part of Hornád’s hollow at the southern foothills of Levoča Mountains, in the heart of one of the oldest and characteristic regions of Slovakia-Spiš.
The surrounding area of Levoča was inhabited in early prehistoric times in the Laten and Roman periods. Between 11th and 12th centuries there were several settlements in the Levoča area. German colonists settled in the area in 13th century. In 1271 Levoča became capital of the community of Spiš Saxons and the entire Spiš region

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Tallest Gothic altar in the world

From 1405 Levoča is free Royal town and becoming more important. At the beginning of 14th century Minorites settled at the edge of the town, they built monastery and later on a church. The town burned down several times and its inhabitants were struck by plaque.
In 1431 during Easter the town was invaded by the Hussites that were returning from Krakow. It seems they didn’t win, but managed to burn the town.
In 15th century Levoča became important and rich town once again.
In 1494 there was a secret meeting between four brothers Jagelonc. The reformation began in town at the beginning of 1540. It was originally believed that Levoča’s priest Ján Henkel join the Reformation movement. The town officially joined the Reformation in 1544.
Spiš priest Martin Pethö tried in 1603-1604 to recatholicize Levoča. It started by taking over the old church of Minorites July 12, 1671. Catholics gained the parish church only in 1674. During the Tököly uprising in 1682 the churches were taken from Catholics and returned to the Lutherans. In 1684 Catholics gained back their churches, but still in years 1706-1710 the church was split between Catholics and Lutherans. From 1710 Catholic Church administers the church...


Cadastral area: Demänová Valley
District: Liptovský Mikuláš
Reg ion Žilina

Situated on the right-hand slopes of the Demänovská Valley in the northern part of the Low Tatras National Park. Entrance to the cave is in Točište Valley, 870 meters a.s.l.
It was formed in the Middle Triassic Gutenstein limestones of the Krížňanský nappe by the former underground flow of Demänovka creek and its lateral hanging ponor tributaries.
The cave-an integral part of an extensive cave system of the Demänovská Valley consists of four developmental levels into which steeply descending lateral passages fall in hanging position.
The overall length of the Demänovská Cave of Freedom exceeds more than 8400 meters. Sinter “water‑lilies” and other sinter pool formations, as well as eccentric stalactites are unique among phenomena of sinter filling. Mighty sinter waterfalls and stalagnates, sphaerolithic stalactites and many other diverse forms of stalactites and stalagmites are captivating.

Organizer of religious and cultural life of Slovaks living abroad.
By: Mons, Doc. ThDr. ICLic. František Dlugoš, PhD

Childhood and studies
Mons. Štefan Náhalka was born in small village under Kráľová Hoľa, Liptovská Teplička on March 16, 1916 at that time in Liptovský Mikuláš District, today District of Poprad. Four children were born to his parents. Two boys and two girls. Štefan was second child. Sadly he was born during First World War and after the war the life was very hard. He attended the primary school in his birthplace and he has shown great talent and was a very good student. It was hard to think of further studies, there were no finances, nor the roads on which he could go to high school.
When he was in sixth grade, new priest Ján Kočiš came to serve in the village. He selected two altar boys Štefan Náhalka and Štefan Garaj, he persuaded their parents, promised financial help and sent them study at Gymnasium in Levoča, where he placed them in small seminary. The boys were very conscientious. Beside studies, in which they excelled, they participated in sacristan service in gymnasium church, for which they got discount for their stay at Small seminary and in free time they were giving lessons to weaker schoolmates. He successfully graduated in 1937 and after the summer school break he chosen to become a priest...

By: Mons, Doc. ThDr. ICLic. František Dlugoš, PhD
Slovakia belongs to traditionally Catholic countries. It is only natural that Marian Cult existed between Slovaks for a long time. It didn’t expand only in Baroque era same as is some other countries. Connected with this are several Marian Pilgrimage Sites, on whose the Marian Cult is not only tradition, but it is very well alive today. Official Marian Pilgrimage Site for whole Slovakia is Šaštín. However much older and more popular site in Slovakia is Marian Mount in Levoča.
In spite of unquestionable importance Marian Mount in Levoča for spiritual life and today’s spiritual renewal of Slovakia until today her history were only modestly documented in few brochures. It is connected with very poor base source for older historical events of this pilgrimage site. On the other hand Marian Mount played important role for keeping the Catholic Religion during almost half a century of atheist communist regime.
It was here, where the largest pilgrimages took place, which beside the religious charge had also a political charge.  
It was in this place where Slovak Catholics demonstrated their rejection of the communist ideology and politics in peaceful way a way of pilgrimages and prayers, whose even Communist power, despite several precautions and attempts couldn’t stop. That is how the Marian Mount in Levoča became the symbol of Slovak Catholicism.
This was appropriately noted by the Holy Father John Paul II during his visit to Levoča on July 3, 1995 when during his sermon beside other things he said: “Marian shrines are places, where the Christ’s testimony is becoming exceptionally effective. Many sons and daughters of Slovakia are grateful to this Levoča’s shrine, for the truth about God and believing in him were preserved alive in their hearts.” (Holy Father John Paul II, on July 3, 1995 at Marian Mount in Levoča)....

RESUME By: Martin Ferenec

We have to introduce shortly the history of the Church institutions and the juridical status in 1948 to understand what the Church in Slovakia lost during the totalitarian regime.
The Christianity spread in Slovakia in 9th Century. The Benedictine order deserved well of this state. The Benedictines built the first chapel in Spišská Kapitula probably as the parish church for the settlement located below their monastery.
Spišská Kapitula, residence of bishops, the first Hungarian teachers’ academy since 1819, the Theological University and Priests’ seminary of Spiš, an important cultural and religious center of Spiš, is dating back to 12th Century.
At that time, Spiš belonged to the Archdiocese of Estergom. King Imrich established the Prepositure of Spiš in 1202. The lord of Spiš Castle and the Prepositus of Spiš were the secular and ecclesiastical government.
Hungarian king Luis and Spišská Kapitula asked Pope Clement VI to establish a diocese in the area of Spiš in 1348. The Prepositure of Spiš fulfilled all requirements to become an independent diocese.
When Peter Pazmány (1616-1637) became an Archbishop of Estergom, he accepted the establishing of minor dioceses into his reform planes. The Diocese of Spiš was in the first place among the establishing dioceses, because, as Pazmány reports: The Bishop had been there before.
When Maria Theresia (1740-1780) became the Austrian Hungarian emperor, in spite of her absolute power, she was anxious about a good pastoral care of her people, therefore she solved the matter of setting up the new dioceses...

Their wide assortment includes teas from cultivated and wild medicinal herbs, fruits and forest berries, massage and herbal oils.
The medicinal herbs used in the products of Agrokarpaty, s.r.o., Plavnica, are grown in an ecological environment of Pieniny and Magura, in the vicinity of the High Tatras. The same is true of the wild plants and wood berries picked.
All products are ecological and pure, i.e., without any artificial flavors, coloring matter, and aromatics. Therefore, human organism accepts them well and reacts to them positively. Foremost experts in phytotherapy from Košice, Nitra, Bratislava, Brno, Prague, and Uzhgorod participate in preparing the individual tea blends.
The Agrokarpaty, s.r.o., Plavnica was established in 1993. Its activities have been focused on growing medicinal herbs. The hilly region of the Stará Ľubovňa district may boast to be an ecological environment ideal for growing ecological agricultural products. The main Agrokarpary’s policy principles include well‑considered and economical treatment of soil, and its optimum composition and fertility. For that purpose, they make use of compost produced from their own garbage at the time of post‑harvest treatment of medicinal herbs. In addition, the sowing procedure is well‑balanced thanks to alternation of the plants grown. This procedure is vital to maintaining and improving the fertility of soil and to providing the plants with the necessary nutrients. Plant alternation significantly contributes to the reduction of pests and infectious germs in soil. Furthermore, we put emphasis on growing intermediate plants for green manure, including deep ­rooted and flat‑rooted plants, to maintain a balance between the fertility and an appropriate farming effectiveness. Plants are processed in a highly considerate way, depending on the specific conditions of ecological economy, with the maximum priority attributed to the environmental issues. All of their products are produced from ecologically pure ingredients, and are therefore ideal for daily use. They have medicinal and/or strengthening effects...

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Copyright © Vladimir Linder 2003 
3804 Yale Street, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5C 1P6
The above article and photographs may not be copied, reproduced, republished, or redistributed by any means including electronic, without the express written permission of Vladimir Linder. All rights reserved.